Biochemistry, as a multidisciplinary science, developed in Serbia after World War II mainly in the field of biology, chemistry, medicine, and pharmacy, and in other scientific disciplines, so that the biochemists organized in a number of societies that traditionally gather experts of these profiles (eg. Serbian Chemical Society, Serbian Medical Society, Serbian Physiological Society, Biological Society, Immunological Society, Serbian pharmaceutical Society). Within some of these societies (Serbian Chemical Society and the Serbian pharmaceutical company) there are special sections of Biochemistry who actively worked and still work. Section of Biochemistry of the Serbian Chemical Society was established in 1967. Union of chemical societies of SFR Yugoslavia existed Commission of Biochemistry, and through this committee, biochemists took place and joint international activities.

Biochemical Society of Socialistic Republik of Serbia was established in 1976. in Belgrade. The same year was founded the Association of Biochemical Societies of Yugoslavia, which included biochemical societis of all the republics and provinces. From then until 1991 the Biochemical Society Serbia activity was carried out independently and through the activities of the Union. Operation of the society in the period 1991-1996 was interrupted. The society was re-activated and registered in 1997 under the name Yugoslav Society of Biochemistry and in 2009 the activities have started to reregister again in as Serbian Biochemical Society. In 1979 was established Biochemical Society of Vojvodina in Novi Sad, which was the same year accepted as a member of the Union, and has worked independently, but was included in the activities of the Serbian Biochemical Society and activities of the Union.

After the disintegration of former Yugoslavia ceased the membership in FEBS and in all newly created states were re-registered Biochemical Societies. Initiative in organizing the Yugoslav Society for biochemistry(Serbia and Montenegro) was launched by professor Dejan Mićić, at the end of 1996. Initiative Committee, in which, among professor Mićić, representatives from several institutions in Belgrade and Novi Sad (Faculty of Chemistry in Belgrade and Novi Sad, Institute of Biology "Dr. Sinisa Stankovic", Faculty of Pharmacy, Institute Vinca, Faculty of Agriculture, Novi Sad) agreed to launch a new organization of the society and to initiate activities on its membership in FEBS.

Constituent Assembly of the Yugoslav Society for Biochemistry held on the 4th December 1996. at the Faculty of chemistry in Belgrade. At the assembly there were 35 attendees from Belgrade and Novi Sad, who appeared as a founder of the Society.

The decision on the establishment of the Society states that the Society's headquarters is at the Biochemical Institute of the Medical Faculty in Belgrade, and briefly describes the nature and the goals of the Society. Society is defined as scientific organizations operating in the territory of Yugoslavia and gathers all interested scholars who deal with problems related to biochemistry and biochemical research. It was pointed out that the objectives of the company is to develop, coordinate and assist scientific research that contributes to the development of biochemistry, to organize seminars, lectures and conferences in this field, to establish cooperation with international groups and societies (FEBS, IUB) as well as with our scientists around world working in the field of biochemistry, to popularize Biochemistry in professional circles and in the media.

Extensive activities and correspondence with the authorities of FEBS about membership of Yugoslav society was led by prof. Vesna Niketić in 1997. and 1998. Great help in this regard is its well-meaning advice and with dedication to the Society provided profeser Dr. Vito Turk who at that time held the position of General Secretary FEBS a. Yugoslav society was accepted unanimously (as the 34th member) in FEBS at the Council meeting in July 1998. g. in Copenhagen, which was held during the 25th regular FEBS Congress's.

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